What is an MRI?
An MRI, which stands for "magnetic resonance imaging," is a device that creates an image of the body's internal structures through magnetic waves. MRI machines are getting better all the time, and the quality of the images is impressive. We have conferred with doctors who can show us a three dimensional image of a neck, including all the ligaments, discs and other soft tissues, and move the image around on a computer screen to see the anatomy from all angles.
The MRI in an Oregon Workers' Compensation Claim
So how does this affect an injury or workers' compensation claim?
Remember that the MRI is a diagnostic tool that helps your doctors to investigate the nature and extent of injury. Doctors typically use the MRI to rule out a serious injury, and to develop a treatment plan. Whether your doctor sends you to have an MRI depends on your symptoms and the physician's findings on an office examination. Some physicians will take a "wait and see approach" before requesting an MRI. This is because some symptoms will diminish after an injury event, and there is no need to get an MRI immediately. In other cases, an emergency room doctor may order an MRI right away because of serious injuries or findings.
In Oregon Workers' Compensation claims, MRI's are often critical because disputes often center on what kind of injury a worker suffered on the job, and whether that injury is due to the work injury event. This is important because workers' compensation insurers only provide benefits for the actual medical condition the on the job injury caused. This is called the "accepted condition."
Neck injuries are commonly diagnosed with MRI's.
When a doctor orders an MRI of the neck, the doctor is looking to see if there is any damage to the joint structures that hold the neck bones in place, and separate one neck bone from the other. Between each neck bone is a "disc" that acts like a cushion. The disc is hard and fibrous on the outside, and moist and softer on the inside. Some doctors have described the inside portion of the disc as having the consistency of crab meat. When a human neck is exposed to sufficient force, the moist inner part of the disc can be pushed outside of the outer layer of the disc, which is called a disc herniation. Sometimes the force of an injury will force the outer layer of the disc protrude, but the material in the disc's center does not break through the disc's outer layer. Other times, the disc may bulge as a result of trauma.
Aging and genetics will also cause wear and tear of the ligaments and discs in the spinal column, and an MRI can show these changes. Generally, doctors look at the color of the image as one marker to determine whether an injury event damaged the joint structure or degenerative changes are causing pain and numbness. An MRI can also show an injury that worsens degenerative changes in the spinal column. This can be a big issue in an Oregon Workers' Compensation claim because if a "pre-existing condition" combines with your on the job injury to contribute to a need for medical care or disability, the insurer may try to deny your claim, arguing that the pre-exiting condition is the main cause of a "combined condition's" need for treatment or disability.
Even though MRIs are objective, radiologists and doctors often disagree on what caused a particular finding. Some radiologists do not believe that discs can herniate under force, and regularly consult for insurance companies. Other doctors make their opinion based on what they see on the MRI, what the patient is saying about their symptoms, and what the treating doctor found in an office examination.
MRI's and the Oregon/Washington Injury Claim
In an auto collision case, MRIs will usually address one or two issues. The first issue is whether the auto collision caused the injury or worsened something that was already present.
MRIs also help lawyers prove whether an injury is permanent. For example, if someone suffers a significant disc herniation, they may need to have the disc removed and the two neck bones fused together. This is called a discectomy and fusion. The surgeon is removing a joint from your neck, and fusing two bones together. This surgery permanently restricts your neck motion, and makes the adjacent joints work overtime to hold up your head. Those joints are now at increased risk for development of wear and tear damage, which we call arthritis, or degenerative disc disease.
If you have an injury claim in Washington or Oregon, or if you were injured on the job in Oregon, contact us with questions. We have learned a lot from doctors over the years, and help people facing these concerns all the time.